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Fertility Decline in Developing Countries, 1960-1997: An Annotated Bibliography


With the emergence of fertility declines in the greater part of the developing world, study of the phenomenon has increased profoundly over the last three decades, and a voluminous amount of literature has emerged. Yet our knowledge of the decline is scattered in numerous publications, making sources difficult to find. This bibliography provides a guide to the literature on fertility decline in Latin America, Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. It will be an invaluable asset for population experts and students wishing to do research on fertility decline. Covering the literature from 1960 to 1997, the book draws on extensive sources including books, articles in leading population journals, research papers, and dissertations. The opening chapter covers the literature on theories and concepts underlying fertility decline. The next three chapters are devoted to the major geographical areas-Latin America, Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa-and the final chapter looks at general literature on fertility declines in developing countries.

6640 RUR

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Richa Sharma Statistical Analysis of Fertility through Simultaneous Equations Model


The study although limited in scope, clearly points to the need for improving the fertility determinants, all of which will result in the reduction of fertility after improvement. An attempt has been made by postulating the four equations dynamic model, also called as Simultaneous equations model, for explaining the fertility pattern in Haryana. This model consists of Fertility Equation, Female Participation Equation, Income Equation and Education Equation. It has been found that infant mortality rate, female literacy rate, female work participation rate has statistically high significant effect on fertility.

9677 RUR

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Massimo Bacci Livi A Concise History of World Population


This fifth edition of the essential history of world population is updated with the most recent and significant scholarship on the topic. Reworked sections analyze the impact of environmental and climate change, discuss declining fertility in developing nations, and track the continuing impact of HIV-AIDS. Central themes updated and revised to take account of new scholarship Includes new sections on theories of migration in pre-history Expands discussion of low fertility rates in developing Asian and Latin American countries Fuller coverage of population and environmental change, including the effects of climate change Bibliographic updates include weblinks to key scientific journals

3916.73 RUR

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Managing Motherhood, Risk : Fertility and Danger in West Central Tanzania


Book DescriptionAn investigation of the consequences resulting from fertility-related development interventions in Tanzania

3093 RUR

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Linda Chinangwa Soil Fertility Improvement Technologies in Malawi


Land degradation and soil erosion are significant environmental problems affecting agricultural productivity and livelihood in Malawi. A number of soil fertility improvement technologies are being promoted by the Ministry of Agriculture and non governmental organization, in order to improve agricultural productivity and food security. In spite of the growing awareness of low cost soil fertility technologies, the rate of adoption and continued use of the technologies remain limited. The thesis examines farmer's perception of the current level of soil fertility and factors effecting farmers use of different soil fertility improvement technologies, using example of farmers from Machinga and Zomba Districts, in Malawi. The results provide insights for designing appropriate strategies, policies and programmes aimed at promoting adoption of soil fertility improvement technologies.

9064 RUR

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Md. Firoz Hossain The Role of Voluntary Organization in Family Planning


Bangladesh, south Asian nation is one of the most populous countries in the world.Family Planning and population maintenance is the most concerning issue at present for the govt of Bangladesh.Family planning program planners often view men as gatekeepers who, if involved in reproductive decision-making, will impede women's efforts to regulate fertility. This study examined fertility decisions of the family members and assistance of voluntary organization. It also covered male involvement in family planning and use of male methods are associated with the fertility decline and resulted in long-term benefits for women. Traditional notions about gender roles and family, in addition to economic concerns, shaped fertility decision making. Individual motivation rather than choice of methods was more important for positive family participation in family planning. Providers appeared to selectively apply interpersonal skills and common courtesy; rudeness to clients was not merely a reflection of ignorance, since the paramedics appeared to know the basic principles of counseling. Limited access to medication and often arbitrary ways of determining when to dispense it created suspicion.

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Muthuri Jacinta Soil Fertility and Yield of Soybeans


Soybean is an important crop in the world due to its supply of proteins and oil. In spite of its importance as a source of protein and oil, its production is way below potential. Declining soil fertility and high fertilizer costs are major limitations to crop production in developing countries due to reduction in farm sizes caused by increased human population. Reduced dependence on inorganic fertilizer nitrogen and adopting farming practices that favour more economically viable and environmentally prudent nitrogen fixation will benefit both agriculture and the environment. Biological materials may offer a solution in alleviating soil fertility problems and hence increase in crop production. Farm derived sources such as crop residue, compost, manure and household waste can be used by farmers in the management of soil fertility. Animal manure and compost are beneficial in soils because they can increase the water holding capacity and cation exchange capacity. This book assesses the effect of soil amendment with manure (poultry and farmyard) on the plant growth, nodulation and yield respectively as compared with inorganic fertilizer.

8927 RUR

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Serena Holguín A curriculim to increase the self-efficacy in reproductive health of college females


Master's Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Health Science, California State University, Northridge, language: English, abstract: This project focused on implementing a needs assessment to measure baseline knowledge of college females on fertility awareness and to see if there was an interest for a curriculum addressing fertility awareness. The sample consisted of one hundred and fifty-seven (N = 157) college females who were given a needs assessment on their knowledge of the menstrual cycle, self-efficacy in interpreting fertility biomarkers, and desire for educational opportunities in fertility awareness. Statistical analysis showed a small correlation between an increase in age and self-efficacy in fertility awareness and Hispanic/Latinos scored significantly higher than Black/African Americans on the self-efficacy scale. The results of the needs assessment also indicated a desire for an educational opportunity in fertility awareness. Four content experts validated the curriculum that was created from the needs assessment, using a 10-point Likert scale. Future research needs to focus on racial and ethnic discrepancies on knowledge of the menstrual cycle and health education programs need to focus on menstrual and fertility awareness education for adult women.

4514 RUR

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Elena Kotyrlo Space-time dynamics of fertility and commuting


The study contributes in analytical description of spatial diffusion of fertility, in particular, influenced by labour movements of people between places of residence and work. It is assumed that the labour market has externality on the marriage market due to commuting, which, in turn, affects fertility. A model of spatial diffusion of fertility is based on assumption of global and local spillover effects. The global spillover effect, as shifts in fertility norms, is motivated by increasing variance of social interactions of an individual, when places of work and residence are different. One local spillover effect is in response to flows of earnings across space. Another mechanism is related to expected changes in probabilities to find a partner affected by differences in day and night population. The analytical model, in which the effects on fertility of the cited spillovers are decomposed, is constructed in the paper on the base of a model of the demand for children, spatial stock-flow model of a market, and a matching model with a sex imbalance or spatial mismatch as the probability of matching. Three sex imbalances, namely of night-, day-time population and an adjusted to sex imbalance of commuters to residents are empirically tested. Empirical evidence on municipal Swedish data for the period 1994–2008 does not provide any strong evidence of spatial diffusion of fertility. However, there are externalities of labour mobility on fertility due to changes of gender structure of population.

152 RUR

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Bulto Teshome Daba Soil Chemical Fertility in Relation to Land Use and Landscape Position


Now a day the soil fertility of high land areas, where most of the agricultural activities have been done at the escarpments of the landscape, has been decreased. These in turn decrease the productivity of land because of the removal of soil and nutrient by erosion. Therefore the use of fertilizer has increased to compensate the removed nutrients through erosion. The change in land use is also another factor to increase or decrease the fertility of the land. The application of the same fertilizer rate at each landscape position lead us wastage or inefficient. This book, therefore, provides the variability of soil chemical fertility among different land use and landscape position, as well as soil deterioration indices. The analysis help some light on this variability, and especially useful to professionals like researchers, agriculture experts and instructors etc working in areas of soil fertility and decision makers who may use fertilizer in the high land areas or any else.

8377 RUR

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Johannes Matthias Rust In vitro embryo production in cattle


The objective of this study was the development of efficient in vitro embryo production (IVEP) technology for application on fertility-impaired beef and dairy cows. Fertility-impaired implying animals that could neither reproduce nor produce embryos through conventional MOET procedures due to old age, pregnancy, repeated MOET procedure treatments, certain abnormal uterine conditions and general failure to conceive and become pregnant following repeated inseminations or natural services, as well as due to physical injuries. The investigation concentrated on whether it was possible to produce embryos from a donor cow with this profile and additionally other aspects such as - the best logistical approach for IVEP when presented with a fertility-impaired donor cow.

10127 RUR

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Fertility and other stories

A. Toth Fertile vs. Infertile. How Infections Affect Your Fertility and B Health


Dr. Attila Toth's thirty years as a practicing infertility specialist and pathologist have convinced him that the only explanation for the alarming infertility rate, so far out of proportion with natural law, is the increasing presence of contaminating bacteria in the genital tracts of both sexes. In Fertility vs. Infertility, he documents how and why this process has escalated so dramatically over the past few decades of increased sexual activity.

1364 RUR

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Ahmed Murtaza Sheraz, Khawaja Waqar Role of ICT in combating corruption and improving public services


Governments in both developing and developed countries provide services to its citizen however some provide better services than the others. Countries face many challenges while providing these services to citizens and many developing countries have failed to provide the public services efficiently and are facing issues while providing service delivery to its citizens. One of the issues is corruption. The developing countries need to adopt e-governance and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to overcome these issues. Our research investigates whether ICT can combat corruption and improve Public Service Delivery (PSD) in developing countries. Findings of our research will help developing countries in combating corruption and improving public services.

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Comparative International Perspectives on Education and Social Change in Developing Countries Indigenous Peoples Developed


A volume in International Advances in Education:Global Initiatives for Equity and Social JusticeSeries Editors: Elinor L. Brown, University of Kentucky; Rhonda G. Craven, University of Western Sydney;and George McLean, Catholic Universities of AmericaDemocratizing educational access and building capacity in developing countries and amongst indigenous peoples in developed countries may beelusive but are hopeful goals. Many developing countries are striving to reengineer their incoherent education systems at a time when they aremost vulnerable, particularly with susceptibility to natural disasters, political unrests, and economic instabilities (UNESCO, 2007). Similarly,indigenous peoples in developed countries are seeking more control over education as they consider the long‐term effects of educational policiesthat have been forced on them.Research on education and social change in developing countries has a long history (Glewwe, 2002;Hanushek, 1995; Sider, 2011). However, there is limited research on educational capacity‐buildingin developing countries such as Kenya, Honduras, Haiti, Ghana, Hong Kong, India, Peru, China, andThailand. Further, the educational frameworks by which Indigenous peoples (Māori, Canada's FirstNations, and American Indian/Alaska Natives) have been educated have some significant similaritiesto those encountered in developing countries. The compilation of chapters illuminates research andcollaborative initiatives between the authors and local leaders...

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Russ Volckmann Insights on Leadership, Volume 2. Developing Leaders


Insights on Leadership, Volume 2: Developing Leaders is the second in a series of sets of interviews with leading thinkers and practitioners in the field of leadership. Includes interviews with Riane Eisler, Susanne Cook-Greuter, Leo Burke, Bill Torbert, and Fred Kofman.

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Exit Voice and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, States


An innovator in contemporary thought on economic and political development looks here at decline rather than growth. Albert O. Hirschman makes a basic distinction between alternative ways of reacting to deterioration in business firms and, in general, to dissatisfaction with organizations: one, “exit,” is for the member to quit the organization or for the customer to switch to the competing product, and the other, “voice,” is for members or customers to agitate and exert influence for change "from within".

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Valerie B. Ward The Power of Prayer Pray Your Way Through


Prayer is communicating with God. When you pray you hear from God. This book serves as a foundational guide in developing your prayer life and in developing an intimate relationship with God.

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Scotton James F. The World News Prism. Challenges of Digital Communication


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Chulu Jimmy Public Finance in Developing Economies


Most developing countries often implement policies that have aggravated rather than corrected the free market failures. So, it is argued that market failures ought to be corrected by the government by implementing policies that can be proved to be more successful and realistic on long term economic sustainability. Experience has shown that public finance policy reforms in most developing economies have not the corrected the free market failures. In real terms, public finance policies should be designed on the basis of promoting a stable economic growth and development. It can be argued that there is a greater desire among the developing countries to increase their productivity so that the people can attain substantially a better quality of life. Public finance affects developing economies in many different ways. However, also public finance policies do affect key sectors of the economy in many different ways. This is true especially that the economic problems facing the developing countries are extremely difficult to address due to the declining fiscal capacity. It can be highlighted that the developing economies should shape their development within overall macroeconomic balance.

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Jeffrey Kopstein The Politics of Economic Decline in East Germany, 1945-1989


Jeffrey Kopstein offers the first comprehensive study of East German economic policy over the course of the state's forty-year history. Analyzing both the making of economic policy at the national level and the implementation of specific policies on the shop floor, he provides new and essential background to the revolution of 1989. In particular, he shows how decisions made at critical junctures in East Germany's history led to a pattern of economic decline and worker dissatisfaction that contributed to eventual political collapse.

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William Maclure Observations On the Geology of United States America: With Some Remarks Effect Produced Nature and Fertility Soils, by . to Every State in U


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Patrick McCurry Living with the Challenges of Dementia


More than 800,000 people in the UK are currently affected by dementia, a figure set to increase as the population ages. This book, addressed to carers and loved ones, explores how to handle the difficult emotions involved in looking after a loved one with dementia, such as denial, shame, anger, guilt and grief. It examines the harrowing process of effectively losing a person on a day-to-day basis, and suggests the best ways to maintain psychological health and well-being. Topics include: Understanding the changes in memory, personality and behaviour; Developing an understanding of personal challenge; Overcoming loneliness and isolation; How family dynamics may affect the caring experience; The long goodbye - coping with progressive decline; Severe dementia and end of life care; Finding meaning in the experience is there a positive side of looking after someone with dementia?

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Basal Thermometer Integrated Femometer Ovulation Predictor App Track Natural Family Planning Smart Fertility Monitor

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Marcel Bieg Organizational Decline and its Effect on Investments in Innovation


Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 8,00 (niederl. Notensystem), Maastricht University, language: English, abstract: In times of an increasingly unstable global economy, the topic of organizational decline and its effect on innovative activities becomes more and more important. This study aims at contributing to the ongoing academic discussion of whether performance decline facilitates or inhibits investments in innovation. In order to do so, the paper draws on the opposing predictions of the behavioural theory of the firm as well as the threat-rigidity theory and discusses their implications with respect to the thesis topic. More specifically, by investigating a sample of 803 Japanese manufacturing firms from 2008 to 2012, this study explores how organizational decline in terms of performance below aspirations, firm's threat of bankruptcy, and organizational slack affect decision making about R&D search intensity.

4514 RUR

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Emre Seli Infertility


Help your patients through the maze of infertility treatments Infertility is suffered by around 1 in 7 couples and can be a source of confusion for both partners, providing high stress on relationships. 25% of cases are explained through male infertility, 50% through female infertility, whilst 25% are generally unexplained. The possible causes and solutions are many and complex. Infertility, one of the first in the new Gynecology in Practice series, assists gynecologists and family practitioners to better care for their patients who have trouble conceiving. The authors provide a strong focus on effective diagnosis and management. Following a review of the factors that affect fertility, Infertility takes a practical approach to: Evaluation of fertility Management and treatment Complications Pre-implantation screening Fertility preservation Gynecology in Practice The Gynecology in Practice series provides clinical 'in the office' or 'at the bedside' guides to effective patient care for gynecologists. The tone is practical, not academic, with authors offering guidance on what might be done and what should be avoided. The books are informed by evidence-based practice and feature: Algorithms and guidelines where they are appropriate ''Tips and Tricks' boxes – hints on improving outcomes 'Caution' warning boxes – hints on avoiding complications 'Science Revisited' – quick reminder of the basic science principles Summaries of key evidence and suggestions for further reading

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